Nansana is located on the main highway between Kampala and Hoima. The town is located approximately 12 kilometres (7.5 mi), by road, northwest of Kampala, Uganda’s capital and largest city. In 2008, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBS), estimated the population of the town at 79,100. In 2011, UBOS estimated the mid-year population of the town at 89,900. (Source, Wikipedia)
While it is located in Buganda, it has a population comprised of all ethnic groups in Uganda. Activity has developed on both sides of the highway and extended into the environs: it is now a bustling residential suburb with a mix of commercial activities. Most of the land is owned by the King of Buganda, who leases it out to the residents. Residents acquire 49 or 99 year leases to develop a plot. The planning jurisdiction falls under the Nansana Town Council. While new commercial and institutional establishments are taking shape along the main Hoima road highway, the areas further inside are plagued by the challenges of haphazard informal growth.
There is a spill-over of activity from Kampala into surrounding neighbourhoods such as Nansana. The relatively new Nansana town council has therefore developed a range of planning guidelines. While some are relevant others need to be reviewed: For example the planning guide that all buildings along the main highway should be painted in cream colour; or the policy to discourage construction on small plots (plots smaller that 50 by 100ft). In the end several compromises have given rise to poorly constructed housing, poor sanitation and pothole riddled roads with inefficient circulation networks. Development is occurring spontaneously around the town, with enforcement officers struggling to control the illegal development springing up. Many areas also lack ample public space and appropriate service supply. These challenges are further compounded by the fact that many households fall under the low-income bracket, and thus can not afford many shelter solutions on the market. The local authorities would like to see the area develop into a major town along the highway. Consequently there is a need to plan the town and ensure it develops in a more organized manner.
There are also a number of broader considerations that should be factored in. For instance there is a public sewer plant at the by-pass intersection that serves the areas of Namungoona and Kasubi: the Nansana Town Council would like to investigate if these sewer services could be extended into Nansana. UNRA also has key road network plans for the area, with a 50m reserve for the main highway along with other subsidiary network considerations.
Parts of Nansaana’s residential areas extend into low-lying swampy terrain which pose a variety of threats to the natural drainage system. The Town also has a Structural Plan that was commissioned in 2005-2008, as the new town council took office: however this plan has been difficult to enforce and needs an audit.
The focus area, Nabweru, has a range of residential developments, commercial units and markets. The majority of the structures are single storey and not much more than semi-permanent.
The location coordinates are 0o 21’ 35.42” N 32 o 32’ 44.93” E
The North facing boundary 316m
The East facing boundary 400m
The South facing boundary 481m
The West facing boundary 396m